1. CFR (Coronary Flow Reserve)( Testing for Women)

New Women show less calcified plaque than men and may be overlooked by conventional testing i.e. CAC TESTING

*An interesting observation is that women with ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME have less extensive obstructive and more diffuse coronary artery disease compared with men, but the event rate in non obstructive coronary artery disease seems to be higher in women. Cardiology guidelines should be more focused on sex-related differences when appropriate. Further, women themselves need to be more aware of their own risk factors and clinical signs of CHD. Many biological differences in arteriosclerosis between men and women are not yet clarified and will need further research in the future. reference    reference

2. CFR


In the United States, 1 woman in 4 dies of heart disease, the same proportion as in men, according to government agencies. The American Heart Association puts the toll for women higher, at 1 in 3. In fact, coronary heart disease, which is the most common type of heart disease, is the No. 1 killer of both men and women in the United States.

3. The future of CTA using FFR (fractionl flow reserve)

2018, of interest ! http://heartattacknew.com/.../how.../the-riddles-solution/


its not just the calcified blockages! 

Just one more reason to go CTA not CAC ! new!